This conference will address the multiple political, intellectual, and aesthetic responses to the destruction of World War II in the post-war period. In these years, philosophers, artists, and politicians reckoned with how subjectivity, human agency and the image of man might be reconstituted in the face of systematic mass murder, and the legacy left by the Third Reich. Also of great urgency was the future of democracy in an era when the concept would be used as a diplomatic tool that sometimes betrayed its own intentions and its wartime legacies of anti-fascism. Papers will consider the postwar interpretation of Nazi art and culture, the function of cultural diplomacy and mediated concepts of a “New Europe” in the Marshall Plan film program, the role of the arts in the US mission of German "re-education," theoretical discourses and artistic practices reckoning with the mixed legacy of existentialism, and the fate of 1930s cultural democratic programs in the post-war years.
10:00 Introduction: Angela Miller, Terra Visiting Professor, and Frank Mehring (JFKI)
Panel 1: The Post-war Reckoning with National Socialism in the US and Europe
10:30 Keith Holz (Western Illinois University), "Postwar Reckonings with Nazi Art in the Writings of Lincoln Kirstein, Helmut Lehmann-Haupt, and Hildegard Brenner"
Christian Fuhrmeister (Zentralinstitut für Kunstgeschichte, München), “Art Historical Practice, 1943-1950: How American Art Historians Looked at German Art Historians”
Sabine Eckmann (Washington University in St. Louis), "Embattled Selfhood: Theoretical Discourses and Artistic Practice in Germany after 1945"
12:30-13:30 Lunch Break
Panel 2: Languages of Art in the Aftermath of World War II
13:30 Ludger Derenthal (Kunstbibliothek Berlin ), "’Pundits of Fire and Public Madness:’ Visions of the End of Times in German Art after the Second World War”
Jody Patterson (University College London), “’Operation Crossroads': Abstract Painting in the Atomic Age”
15:00-15:30 Coffee Break
Panel 3: Visual Archives, Re-Education, and the “New Europe” of the Marshall Plan
15:30 Frank Mehring (John F. Kennedy-Institute, Freie Universität Berlin), “Re-Education & Re-Democratization: Mapping the Digital Archive of Marshall Plan Films”
Maria Fritsche (Norwegian University for Science and Technology, Trondheim), “European Integration: A Matter of Great Difficulty? How Marshall Plan Filmmakers Promoted a United Europe”
17:00 Keynote: Angela Miller (Washington University/Terra Guest Professor JFKI), “The Fate of the Gesture in the Post-War Era”
18:30 Reception at JFKI, 19:30 Dinner at Italian Restaurant
22:00 End of Conference