2018: PhD in History, Université Laval
2013: MA in History, Université Laval
2010: BA in History, Université du Québec à Chicoutimi
2018 – present: Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Department of History of the John F. Kennedy Institute for North American Studies, Freie Universität Berlin
2017: Doctoral Fellow, Ruhr-Universität Bochum
2015: Doctoral Fellow, German Historical Institute, Washington D.C.
2013 – 2014: Research Assistant, Centre interuniversitaire études québécoises (CIEQ), Université Laval
2013: Teaching Assistant, History of International Relation XXe, Université Laval
2013:German Language course, interDaf e.V am Herder-Institut der Universität Leipzig
2012: Mitarbeiter, Arbeitsstelle für interkulturelle Québec-Studien und nordamerkanische Frankophonie, Lehrstuhl für Romanische Kulturwissenschaft und Interkulturelle Kommunikation, Universität des Saarlandes, Saarbrücken
2010: Fellow, Explore Program, University of British Columbia
2009 – 2010: Research Assistant, CIEQ, Université du Québec à Chicoutimi
2018 – 2019: Postdoctoral Fellowship, Fonds de Recherche Société et Culture du Québec
2017: Doctoral Travel Grant, Choquette Family Foundation, Québec
2017: PhD Exchange Program, Research School & DAAD, Ruhr-Universität Bochum
2014 – 2017: Doctoral Research Grant, Fonds de recherche Société et Culture du Québec
2014 – 2015: Research and Travel Grant, Université Laval
2014: Doctoral research grant, Canadian Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council
2013: German Language Course Grant, Deutscher Akademischer Austausch Dienst (DAAD)
2012: Travel Grant, Association internationale d’études québécoises (AIEQ)
- War Captivity
- International Politics
- North Atlantic Relations
- Second War World / Korean War Western Alliance
My research focus on war captivity and Western international relations. My aim is to understand the impact of the treatment of enemy soldiers on a political/military alliance. The duality between the respect of international and humanitarian laws versus the protection of national interests of every nation is at the centre of my analysis. Concretely, my doctoral thesis explores the captivity of German prisoners of war (POW) in the hands of the three main Western Allies during the Second World War. More specifically, I examine the relationships between the Canadian, British and American authorities regarding the treatment of some 600,000 “Hitler soldiers” held on their respective territories between 1940 and 1945. Such approach allows an international and transnational regard on war captivity. The relationship between the North Atlantic Allies according to captured enemy militaries indicates the political dynamics within the Alliance as well as the mechanisms of the decision-making process. Although each State applied its own detention measures and maintained its own diplomatic relation with the neutral organizations responsible for prisoners, in particular the International Committee of the Red Cross, as well as with Switzerland, the handling of these enemy soldiers was the object of a large inter-allied collaboration, while provoking important disagreements between the three holding powers. Finally, the thesis reveals the central role played by Canadian officials concerning the handling of Germans POWs among the North Atlantic triangle: security, intelligence, detention policy, labour program and denazification.
My postdoc project entitled The War Captivity as an International Issue: The case of the North Korean and Chinese Prisoners during the Korean War, 1950–1953, extends my doctoral works about the relations between war captivity, international relations, Geneva Convention and transnational organizations (i.e. ICRC and the United Nations) on the treatment of POWs. This research concerns the history of the North Korean and Chinese prisoners of war between 1950 and 1953. During the Korean War, the United Nations military coalition, gathering 16 countries, held more than 173,000 enemy prisoners, including 25,000 Chinese soldiers. However, the treatment of these enemy POWs, detained mainly in the camp of Geoje-Do (or Koje-do) near Busan in South Korea, became a sensitive issue between the three most important Western allies; United States, United Kingdom and Canada. Thereafter, the topic of prisoners of war definitely remained difficult not only for the diplomatic negotiations between North Korea and UN forces, but also between the UN Allies. Although the 1949 Geneva Convention regulated this captivity, the custody of the POWs by the United Nations coalition complicated the responsibility of every State with regard to the international law. Though the United States remained the central actor on the detention policies, exercising a dominant influence on the captivity, the American approach towards enemy prisoners was criticized by Canada, Great Britain and Geneva with their humanitarian policy. This reality reveals the international context in which evolved the detention of war during the early Cold War. This research aims to understand the internal dynamics within the UN coalition concerning the treatment of enemy captives, in which the ICRC acted as an intermediary on the application of the 1949 Geneva Convention.
- “ Sharing the Burden of the Hitler’s Soldiers. Western Powers and German POWs during the Second World War, ”New Research in Military History. A Conference for Postgraduate and Early-career Historians. The Many Faces of War – Changing Perspectives on Armed Conflict, St-John’s College, Cambridge University, UK, November 17-18, 2017.
- “ Prisoners of War as a Transnational Object in the North Atlantic Triangle. A New Perspective on the Detention of German POWs during the Second World War, ” Kolloqium zur Geschichte Europas und des Mittelmeeraums, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Germany, October 30, 2017.
- “ We must change the Mind of these Hitler’s Soldiers! A New Interpretation of the Denazification of Germans POWs in Western Hands, 1944-1946, ” Reeducation Revisited: Strategies, Actors, Institutions in Transnational and Comparative Perspective, Deutsche-Amerikanische Institute, Nuremberg, September 29-30, 2017.
- “ How to treat Hitler’s Soldiers? German Prisoners of War in Canada, the United States and Great-Britain during the Second World War, ” Transatlantic Summer Workshops, the Graduate Center of the City University of New York and Rhur-University, Bochum, German, July 31-August 4, 2017.
- “ The War Captivity as an International Issue: The case of the North Korean and Chinese Prisoners during the Korean War, 1950–1953, ”Global Humanitarianism Research Academy (GHRA) Leibniz Institute of European History Mainz, ICRC Archives, Geneva July 9-21, 2017.
- “ Was wollen Sie wissen? The Western Allied Collaboration and Exchanges of Intelligence Information on German POWs during the Second World War, ”Workshop, Restricting Knowledge: Channeling Security Information in Recent History, German Historical Institut and Woodrow Wilson Center, Washington D.C. December 8-9, 2016.
- “ What to do with Hitler’s Soldiers? Prisoners of War as a Transnational Object. The detention of German POWs during the Second World War, ” Workshop, European History across Bundaries, Leipniz Institut, Mainz, Germany, October 12-14, 2016.
- “ Il faut dénazifier les soldats d’Hitler ! La rééducation des prisonniers de guerre allemands au camp de Sorel au Québec 1945-1946. Transferts et transmission d’expertise interalliée, ” 69e Colloque de l’Institut d’histoire de l’Amérique française : Transferts & transmission, Saguenay, Qc, Canada, October 6-8, 2016.
- “ The Hitler’s soldiers in Allied hands. A masculine History? The Place of Women in the History of German Prisoners of War during the Second World War, ” Symposium: Gender in War Captivity: Interdisciplinary Perspectives, Institute of Historical Research, UCL, London and Warwick Institute of Advanced Study, May 8, 2015.
- “ What to do with Hitler’s soldiers? The relation between Canada and Britain about the detention of German POW in Canada, 1939-1945, ” International Conference: Prisoners of War in the Twentieth Century – Actors, Concepts and Changes, Instituto de Historia Contemporanea, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Lisbonne, Portugal, November 24-25, 2014.
- “ To have a friendly co-operation between Canadians and Americans. Les prisonniers de guerres allemands en Amérique du Nord, 1940-1945. Objet d’une cooperation américo-canadienne, ” Bulletin d’histoire Politique, 2018.
- “ La participation canadienne à la rééducation des prisonniers de guerre allemands : l’expérience du camp de Sorel au Québec, 1945-1946, ” Revue Cap-Aux-Diamants, No. 132, 2017, p. 6-10.
- “ Bowmanville, October 1942: The ‘Shackling Crisis’ and the German Prisoners of War in Canada, ” in Johannes Paulmann, Andrew Tompson et Fabian Klose, Online Atlas on the History of Humanitarianism and Human Rights, 2018.
- “ To have a friendly co-operation between Canadians and Americans: The Canada- U.S. Relationship Regarding German Prisoners of War, 1940–1945,” Diplomacy & Statecraft, Vol.28, Issue 3 (2017), p. 383-402.
- “ The Little Third Reich on Lake Superior: A History of Canadian Internment Camp R (Book Review)” by Ernest Robert Zimmerman, ” Canadian Military History: Vol. 26 : Issue 1, Article 10.
- “ Les Prisonniers de Guerre Allemands. France, 1944-1949 (Book Review)’ by Fabien Théofilakis, ” Guerres mondiales et conflits contemporains, Vol. 263. Issue 3 (2016), p. 147-149.
- “ Les soldats d’Hitler détenus en terres canadiennes : l’importance du Canada dans la détention de guerre durant la Seconde Guerre mondiale,” Transcanadiana, Polish Journal of Canadian Studies. Poznan, Vol. 7 : Canadian Soft Power : Dimensions of Canada’s Influence on the Outside World, 2014-2015, p. 62-80.
- “ Entre appui et condamnation, la presse britannique et la campagne de bombardements stratégiques sur l’Allemagne (1939-1945), ” Guerres mondiales et conflits contemporains, Paris, P.U.F. Vol. 258, Issue. 2, 2015, p. 105-124.